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Wildlife Picture Index

Key indicator facts

Indicator type

State

Applicable for national use

Yes

Indicator classification

Operational and included in the CBD's list of indicators

Indicator type

State

Applicable for national use

Yes

Indicator classification

Operational and included in the CBD's list of indicators

Last update

2014

Coverage

Global

Availability

Not freely available

Partners

Team logo

Tropical Ecology Assessment and Monitoring Network

Contact point

Indicator description

The WPI is a biodiversity index that uses camera trap data to quantitatively measure changes in species variation over time. TEAM adopted the WPI as a way to quickly synthesize and understand how tropical wildlife is changing and why. The WPI is sensitive to changes in the number of species, their relative occurrence and evenness over time. The WPI is not limited to camera trap data, but can also be used for other presence/absence data, such as information collected using sound sensors.

Related Aichi Targets

Primary target

12

Target 12:

By 2020 the extinction of known threatened species has been prevented and their conservation status, particularly of those most in decline, has been improved and sustained.

Secondary targets

Target 4:

By 2020, at the latest, Governments, business and stakeholders at all levels have taken steps to achieve or have implemented plans for sustainable production and consumption and have kept the impacts of use of natural resources well within safe ecological limits.

Target 5:

By 2020, the rate of loss of all natural habitats, including forests, is at least halved and where feasible brought close to zero, and degradation and fragmentation is significantly reduced.

Target 7:

By 2020 areas under agriculture, aquaculture and forestry are managed sustainably, ensuring conservation of biodiversity.

Target 10:

By 2015, the multiple anthropogenic pressures on coral reefs, and other vulnerable ecosystems impacted by climate change or ocean acidification are minimized, so as to maintain their integrity and functioning.

Target 11:

By 2020, at least 17 per cent of terrestrial and inland water, and 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas, especially areas of particular importance for biodiversity and ecosystem services, are conserved through effectively and equitably managed, ecologically representative and well connected systems of protected areas and other effective area-based conservation measures, and integrated into the wider landscapes and seascapes.

Target 15:

By 2020, ecosystem resilience and the contribution of biodiversity to carbon stocks has been enhanced, through conservation and restoration, including restoration of at least 15 per cent of degraded ecosystems, thereby contributing to climate change mitigation and adaptation and to combating desertification.

Primary target

12

Target 12:

By 2020 the extinction of known threatened species has been prevented and their conservation status, particularly of those most in decline, has been improved and sustained.

4
5
10
12
15
7
11

Related SDGs

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GOAL 6 - Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all.

Target 6.6| Relevant indicator

By 2020, protect and restore water-related ecosystems, including mountains, forests, wetlands, rivers, aquifers and lakes

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GOAL 15 - Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss.

Target 15.1| Relevant indicator

By 2020, ensure the conservation, restoration and sustainable use of terrestrial and inland freshwater ecosystems and their services, in particular forests, wetlands, mountains and drylands, in line with obligations under international agreements.

Target 15.5| Relevant indicator

Take urgent and significant action to reduce the degradation of natural habitats, halt the loss of biodiversity and, by 2020, protect and prevent the extinction of threatened species.

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GOAL 6 - Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all.

E sdg goals icons individual rgb 15

GOAL 15 - Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss.

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Other related MEAs and processes

Cites high resolution

CITES

Target 1.4| Relevant indicator

The Appendices correctly reflect the conservation needs of species.

Target 1.6| Relevant indicator

Parties cooperate in managing shared wildlife resources.

Indicator icon

IPBES Global Assessment Chapters

Chapter 2| Official indicator

Status and trends; indirect and direct drivers of change

Indicator icon

IPBES Regional Assessment Chapters

Chapter 3| Official indicator

Status, trends and future dynamics of biodiversity and ecosystems underpinning nature’s benefits to people

Ramsar.logo

Ramsar

Target 8| Relevant indicator

National wetland inventories have been either initiated, completed or updated and disseminated and used for promoting the conservation and effective management of all wetlands.

Cites high resolution

CITES

Indicator icon

IPBES Global Assessment Chapters

Indicator icon

IPBES Regional Assessment Chapters

Ramsar.logo

Ramsar

Cites high resolution
Indicator icon
Indicator icon
Ramsar.logo

Themes

Bip species
Bip terrestrial

Partners

Team logo

Key indicator facts

Indicator type

State

Applicable for national use

Yes

Indicator classification

Operational and included in the CBD's list of indicators

Indicator type

State

Applicable for national use

Yes

Indicator classification

Operational and included in the CBD's list of indicators

Last update

2014

Coverage

Global

Availability

Not freely available

Indicator description

The WPI is a biodiversity index that uses camera trap data to quantitatively measure changes in species variation over time. TEAM adopted the WPI as a way to quickly synthesize and understand how tropical wildlife is changing and why. The WPI is sensitive to changes in the number of species, their relative occurrence and evenness over time. The WPI is not limited to camera trap data, but can also be used for other presence/absence data, such as information collected using sound sensors.

Contact point

Graphs / Diagrams

Figure 1. The global Wildlife Picture Index. The first year of data collection (2007) is given a value of 1. All subsequent changes are calculated relative to this starting point. Source: TEAM Network, 2016.

Current storyline

The Wildlife Picture Index aggregates biodiversity camera trap data for ~300 species of tropical terrestrial mammals and birds to assess species trends and extinction risks. These data are useful in assessing the effectiveness of conservation actions and whether the conservation status of species has been improved or sustained.

The current assessment of the Wildlife Picture Index (WPI) includes data for 278 species of tropical forest mammals and birds, sampled at 17 TEAM sites in 15 countries over the last 9 years. The WPI is derived from annual camera trap monitoring using standardized methods to determine the change in diversity of tropical forest mammal and bird communities. In 2015 the index had a median value of 0.93 meaning that on average there has been a decrease of 7% in the diversity of these communities compared to the first year of data in 2007.

This storyline is based on data from 2015 from 17 TEAM sites.

Data and methodology

Coverage: Global/regional/national time series: 2007-current.

Global/regional/national baseline: 2007.

Regional/national case studies: 2007-current.

Scale: Aggregated from local level data.

Time series available: 2007 - current.

Next planned update: 2017.

Possible disaggregations: By region, nation, protected area.

Methodology: The first assessment of the Wildlife Picture Index (WPI) includes data for 278 species of tropical forest mammals and birds, sampled at 17 TEAM sites in 15 countries over the last 9 years. The WPI is derived from annual camera trap monitoring using standardized methods to determine the change in diversity of tropical forest mammal and bird communities.

The WPI calculated separately for birds and mammals is also stable through time, although the WPI for birds is more variable than the WPI for mammals (due in part to the lower number of bird species assessed). The WPI calculated separately for each continent (Latin America, Africa/Madagascar, South East Asia) shows no clear trend by continent, although it is still very early for the assessments in Africa and SE Asia as there are only 4-5 years of data available.

National use of indicator

Producing this indicator nationally: The indicator has data available on tropical forest that has been collected for the past 9 years, which may be used by countries for qualitative assessments. However, data available from this indicator needs to be supplemented with data collected at the national level so that the indicator can be adapted at the country level.

Use at the national level: There are a few publications on tropical forest that provide sub-global examples. We examine several aspects of terrestrial mammal species and community diversity (species richness, species diversity, evenness, dominance, functional diversity and community structure) at seven sites around the globe. The sites are located in Uganda, Tanzania, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Suriname, Brazil and Costa Rica. Please see http://tinyurl.com/qbf3owf More detail on the methodology and the tools available to calculate the WPI are available here http:// tinyurl.com/o7zg6z5. Please see http://tinyurl.com/olaofww for further information on our approach to calculate the WPI and how it can be disaggregated for different groups of species.

Further resources

Key indicator facts

Indicator type

State

Applicable for national use

Yes

Indicator classification

Operational and included in the CBD's list of indicators

Indicator type

State

Applicable for national use

Yes

Indicator classification

Operational and included in the CBD's list of indicators

Last update

2014

Coverage

Global

Availability

Not freely available

Partners

Team logo

Tropical Ecology Assessment and Monitoring Network

Contact point