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Percentage of Parties with legislation in Category 1 under CITES National Legislation Project (NLP)

Key indicator facts

Indicator type

Response

Applicable for national use

No

Indicator classification

Operational and included in the CBD's list of indicators

Indicator type

Response

Applicable for national use

No

Indicator classification

Operational and included in the CBD's list of indicators

Last update

2017

Coverage

Global

Availability

Not freely available

Partners

Cites381

Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species

Contact point

Sofie Flensborg - sofie.flensborg@un.org

Key resources

Websites

CITES legislation website

Indicator description

The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Fauna and Flora (CITES) contains a number of legally binding provisions that Parties to the Convention are obliged to implement in their national legislation. In 1992, the Conference of the Parties adopted Resolution Conf. 8.4 (Rev. CoP15) on national laws for the implementation of CITES summarizing these obligations in four minimum requirements to the national legislation:

  1. Designation of national CITES Management and CITES Scientific Authority (Article IX, paragraph 1);
  2. Prohibition of trade in violation with the Convention (Article II, paragraph 4 and Article VIII, paragraph 1);
  3. Penalization of trade in, or possession of, illegally traded specimens (Article VIII, paragraph 1 (a); and
  4. Confiscation of illegally traded or possessed specimens (Article VIII, paragraph 1 (b)

Under the Resolution, the Secretariat is tasked with identifying Parties whose legislation does not meet these minimum requirements and place them in three Categories:

  • Category 1: Parties whose legislation generally meet all four minimum requirements
  • Category 2: Parties whose legislation meets some but not all four requirements
  • Category 3: Parties whose legislation generally does not meet the requirements

The indicator gives a clear picture of the percentage of Parties with legislation in Category 1 out of the total number of Parties, which in turn is an indication of the level of legislative implementation of the Convention by the Parties.

Related Aichi Targets

Primary target

4

Target 4:

By 2020, at the latest, Governments, business and stakeholders at all levels have taken steps to achieve or have implemented plans for sustainable production and consumption and have kept the impacts of use of natural resources well within safe ecological limits.

Primary target

4

Target 4:

By 2020, at the latest, Governments, business and stakeholders at all levels have taken steps to achieve or have implemented plans for sustainable production and consumption and have kept the impacts of use of natural resources well within safe ecological limits.

4

Related SDGs

E sdg goals icons individual rgb 14

GOAL 14 - Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development.

Target 14.4| Relevant indicator

By 2020, effectively regulate harvesting and end overfishing, illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and destructive fishing practices and implement science-based management plans, in order to restore fish stocks in the shortest time feasible, at least to levels that can produce maximum sustainable yield as determined by their biological characteristics.

E sdg goals icons individual rgb 15

GOAL 15 - Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss.

Target 15.7| Relevant indicator

Take urgent action to end poaching and trafficking of protected species of flora and fauna and address both demand and supply of illegal wildlife products.

Target 15.c| Relevant indicator

Enhance global support for efforts to combat poaching and trafficking of protected species, including by increasing the capacity of local communities to pursue sustainable livelihood opportunities.

E sdg goals icons individual rgb 14

GOAL 14 - Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development.

E sdg goals icons individual rgb 15

GOAL 15 - Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss.

E sdg goals icons individual rgb 14
E sdg goals icons individual rgb 15

Other related MEAs and processes

Cites high resolution

CITES

Target 1.1| Official indicator

Parties comply with their obligations under the Convention through appropriate policies, legislation and procedures.

Cites high resolution

CITES

Cites high resolution

Themes

Bip policy

Policy & conservation actions

View related indicators >
Bip sustainable

Sustainable use of natural resources and land

View related indicators >
Bip policy
Bip species
Bip sustainable

Partners

Cites381

Key indicator facts

Indicator type

Response

Applicable for national use

No

Indicator classification

Operational and included in the CBD's list of indicators

Indicator type

Response

Applicable for national use

No

Indicator classification

Operational and included in the CBD's list of indicators

Last update

2017

Coverage

Global

Availability

Not freely available

Indicator description

The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Fauna and Flora (CITES) contains a number of legally binding provisions that Parties to the Convention are obliged to implement in their national legislation. In 1992, the Conference of the Parties adopted Resolution Conf. 8.4 (Rev. CoP15) on national laws for the implementation of CITES summarizing these obligations in four minimum requirements to the national legislation:

  1. Designation of national CITES Management and CITES Scientific Authority (Article IX, paragraph 1);
  2. Prohibition of trade in violation with the Convention (Article II, paragraph 4 and Article VIII, paragraph 1);
  3. Penalization of trade in, or possession of, illegally traded specimens (Article VIII, paragraph 1 (a); and
  4. Confiscation of illegally traded or possessed specimens (Article VIII, paragraph 1 (b)

Under the Resolution, the Secretariat is tasked with identifying Parties whose legislation does not meet these minimum requirements and place them in three Categories:

  • Category 1: Parties whose legislation generally meet all four minimum requirements
  • Category 2: Parties whose legislation meets some but not all four requirements
  • Category 3: Parties whose legislation generally does not meet the requirements

The indicator gives a clear picture of the percentage of Parties with legislation in Category 1 out of the total number of Parties, which in turn is an indication of the level of legislative implementation of the Convention by the Parties.

Contact point

Sofie Flensborg - sofie.flensborg@un.org

Graphs / Diagrams

Figure 1. Percentage of Parties with legislation in the 3 different categories under CITES


Figure 2. Trend in number of parties with legislation in categories 1 (blue) and 2 (orange).

Current storyline

By December 2017, the legislation of 101 Parties out of 183 was placed in Category 1, or 55% (see figure 1 in the graphs and diagrams section).

The Conference of the Parties (CoP) takes stock of the evolution of the indication at each of its meetings (every three years). At the time of the last meeting of the CoP (September 2016), 95 Parties of 182 had legislation placed in Category 1, or 52%. It is expected that the legislation of another 5-10 Parties will be placed in Category 1 by the next meeting of the Parties (May 2019) following the past trend as illustrated in the graphs and diagrams section (figure 2).

Data and methodology

Coverage: Global

Scale: Global data

Time series available: 2009 - 2017.

Next planned update: 2018

Methodology: This is indicator is based on a count of the number of parties with legislation in Category 1 out of the total number of parties.

National use of indicator

This is a global indicator that cannot be produced or used nationally.

Further resources

Key indicator facts

Indicator type

Response

Applicable for national use

No

Indicator classification

Operational and included in the CBD's list of indicators

Indicator type

Response

Applicable for national use

No

Indicator classification

Operational and included in the CBD's list of indicators

Last update

2017

Coverage

Global

Availability

Not freely available

Partners

Cites381

Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species

Contact point

Sofie Flensborg - sofie.flensborg@un.org

Key resources

Websites

CITES legislation website