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Official development assistance for biodiversity

Key indicator facts

Indicator type

Response

Applicable for national use

Yes (find out more)

Indicator classification

Operational and included in the CBD's list of indicators

Indicator type

Response

Applicable for national use

Yes (find out more)

Indicator classification

Operational and included in the CBD's list of indicators

Last update

2018

Coverage

Global

Availability

Freely available

Partners

Oecd

Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)

Contact point

Nicolina Lamhauge: Nicolina.LAMHAUGE@oecd.org

Indicator description

The Official Development Assistance in Support of the CBD indicator tracks the transfer of bilateral aid from OECD DAC members to developing countries for the effective implementation of their commitments under the Convention, thus monitoring the level of resource mobilization for the Strategic Plan 2011-2020.

Related Aichi Targets

Primary target

20

Target 20:

By 2020, at the latest, the mobilization of financial resources for effectively implementing the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 from all sources, and in accordance with the consolidated and agreed process in the Strategy for Resource Mobilization, should increase substantially from the current levels. This target will be subject to changes contingent to resource needs assessments to be developed and reported by Parties.

Primary target

20

Target 20:

By 2020, at the latest, the mobilization of financial resources for effectively implementing the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 from all sources, and in accordance with the consolidated and agreed process in the Strategy for Resource Mobilization, should increase substantially from the current levels. This target will be subject to changes contingent to resource needs assessments to be developed and reported by Parties.

20

Related SDGs

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GOAL 10 - Reduce inequality within and among countries.

Target 10.b| Relevant indicator

Encourage official development assistance and financial flows, including foreign direct investment, to States where the need is greatest, in particular least developed countries, African countries, small island developing States and landlocked developing countries, in accordance with their national plans and programmes.

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GOAL 11 - Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable.

Target 11.4| Relevant indicator

Strengthen efforts to protect and safeguard the world’s cultural and natural heritage.

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GOAL 15 - Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss.

Target 15.5| Relevant indicator

Take urgent and significant action to reduce the degradation of natural habitats, halt the loss of biodiversity and, by 2020, protect and prevent the extinction of threatened species.

Target 15.8| Relevant indicator

By 2020, introduce measures to prevent the introduction and significantly reduce the impact of invasive alien species on land and water ecosystems and control or eradicate the priority species.

Target 15.9| Relevant indicator

By 2020, integrate ecosystem and biodiversity values into national and local planning, development processes, poverty reduction strategies and accounts.

Target 15.a| Official indicator

Mobilize and significantly increase financial resources from all sources to conserve and sustainably use biodiversity and ecosystems.

Target 15.b| Official indicator

Mobilize significant resources from all sources and at all levels to finance sustainable forest management and provide adequate incentives to developing countries to advance such management, including for conservation and reforestation.

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GOAL 17 - Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development.

Target 17.6| Relevant indicator

Enhance North-South, South-South and triangular regional and international cooperation on and access to science, technology and innovation and enhance knowledge sharing on mutually agreed terms, including through improved coordination among existing mechanisms, in particular at the United Nations level, and through a global technology facilitation mechanism

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GOAL 10 - Reduce inequality within and among countries.

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GOAL 11 - Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable.

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GOAL 15 - Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss.

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GOAL 17 - Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development.

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E sdg goals icons individual rgb 15
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Other related MEAs and processes

Cites high resolution

CITES

Target 1.5| Relevant indicator

Best available scientific information is the basis for non-detriment findings.

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CMS

Target 15| Relevant indicator

The science base, information, awareness, understanding and technologies relating to migratory species, their habitats and migratory systems, their value, functioning, status and trends, and the consequences of their loss, are improved, widely shared and transferred, and effectively applied.

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IPBES Global Assessment Chapters

Chapter 3| Relevant indicator

Progress towards meeting major international objectives related to biodiversity and ecosystem services

Chapter 6| Relevant indicator

Opportunities and challenges for decision makers

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IPBES Regional Assessment Chapters

Chapter 6| Relevant indicator

Options for governance, institutional arrangements and private and public decision-making across scales and sectors

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Ramsar

Target 4| Relevant indicator

Invasive alien species and pathways of introduction and expansion are identified and prioritized, priority invasive alien species are controlled or eradicated, and management responses are prepared and implemented to prevent their introduction and establishment.

Target 14| Relevant indicator

Scientific guidance and technical methodologies at global and regional levels are developed on relevant topics and are available to policy makers and practitioners in an appropriate format and language.

Cites high resolution

CITES

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CMS

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IPBES Global Assessment Chapters

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IPBES Regional Assessment Chapters

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Ramsar

Cites high resolution
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Themes

Bip policy

Policy & conservation actions

View related indicators >
Bip policy

Partners

Oecd

Key indicator facts

Indicator type

Response

Applicable for national use

Yes (find out more)

Indicator classification

Operational and included in the CBD's list of indicators

Indicator type

Response

Applicable for national use

Yes (find out more)

Indicator classification

Operational and included in the CBD's list of indicators

Last update

2018

Coverage

Global

Availability

Freely available

Indicator description

The Official Development Assistance in Support of the CBD indicator tracks the transfer of bilateral aid from OECD DAC members to developing countries for the effective implementation of their commitments under the Convention, thus monitoring the level of resource mobilization for the Strategic Plan 2011-2020.

Contact point

Nicolina Lamhauge: Nicolina.LAMHAUGE@oecd.org

Graphs / Diagrams

Figure 1. 2006-2012, bilateral commitments, USD billion, constant 2012 prices.

Further graphs and explorable data are available on the OECD website here.

Current storyline

Figure 2. OECD DAC Creditor Reporting System, September 2014, http://oe.cd/RM.


Figure 3. Biodiversity-focused aid, USD million, 2012 constant prices.

Data and methodology

Coverage: Global time series (2002 onwards, reporting mandatory across OECD DAC members from 2006).

Scale: Global.

Time series available: 2002-2013.

Possible disaggregations: By country.

Metadata used: OECD DAC data is collected through an institutionalised structure that maintains and develops underlying standards (e.g. definitions and classifications), creates a common understanding of their application, and undergoes rigorous quality control, making it a high quality, standardised data source for the development of indicators. Activity-level data is collected and can be aggregated by donor country (the 29 DAC members) and by recipient country, making it appropriate for producing national level indicators. There are over 50 fields of descriptive information, including on sectors and sub-sectors, making it possible to create more detailed indicators if of interest.

Methodology: The ODA indicator can be used to follow biodiversity aid flows from the donor to the recipient.

In terms of biodiversity aid contributions the indicator can be disaggregated for 29 DAC member countries From the Creditor Reporting System (CRS) activity-level database, ODA commitments can also be consolidated and aggregated by region, income group and recipient country or organisation.

Recipient data however is not limited to DAC members and can be disaggregated for regions and nations.

The ODA indicator data can also be disaggregated to differentiate between ODA targeting biodiversity concerns as a principal or significant objective, and to look at the break down of ODA activities between sectors (i.e. forestry, agriculture, etc).The ODA indicator data can also be disaggregated into biodiversity-related ODA committed as grants or as loans.

National use of indicator

Producing this indicator nationally: The OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC) has since 1998 monitored development finance in support of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). Data are reported by DAC members to the Creditor Reporting System (CRS) using the so-called ‘Rio markers’ that also collect information on development finance in support of the UN Conventions on climate change (UNFCCC) and desertification (UNCCD).

For each activity reported to the CRS, DAC members indicate whether the activity has been screened toward the biodiversity marker and if so, whether it targets the objectives of the CBD as a ‘principal’ or a ‘significant’ objective.Activities scored ‘principal’ would not have been funded but for that policy objective; activities scored ‘significant’ have other prime objectives but have been formulated or adjusted to help meet the policy objective. When reporting to the CRS, DAC members specify the recipient of their biodiversity-related support as either individual partner countries, or as regional or global activities.

The biodiversity marker is qualitative rather than quantitative. It is primarily intended to provide an indication of the level of mainstreaming of biodiversity considerations into DAC members’ development co-operation portfolios. The data also provides information on biodiversity-related commitments made by DAC members to partner countries:

Use at the national level: The data on biodiversity-related development finance commitments can be filtered by individual donors or by partner countries to which the commitments have been made.

The data can serve as a basis when examining the biodiversity-related commitments made by members of the DAC to a given country. Similarly, the data also provide an overview of biodiversity commitments made by individual providers.

The data can also be used to produce regional analyses, see for example this analysis by the CBD. Further, the latest OECD analysis of the biodiversity data includes a focus on the allocation of bilateral biodiversity-related development finance to different regions and income groups. This analysis could be further elaborated to better understand the nature of these commitments.

The OECD DAC Rio Markers for Climate Handbook includes detailed guidance on how to apply the Rio markers for climate change. This guidance is also applicable to the marker for biodiversity. The OECD DAC Secretariat also routinely produces statistical flyers on trends in biodiversity-related ODA. See the following website for these resources: http://www.oecd.org/dac/stats/biodiversity.htm.

Examples of national use: CBD analysis on financial reporting of biodiversity finance found that 16 countries included information provided by the Rio marker for biodiversity in their national assessments, including the Democratic Republic of the Congo, India, Lebanon, and Myanmar.

In 2016, the OECD analysed the nature of biodiversity-related development finance commitments to Ethiopia, Madagascar, Peru and Viet Nam.

Availability of global data for national use: https://stats.oecd.org/Index.aspx?DataSetCode=CRS1, contact provider: Dac.contact@oecd.org

Contact person for supporting national use: Nicolina Lamhauge: Nicolina.Lamhauge@oecd.org or Giorgio Gualberti: Giorgio.Gualberti@oecd.org

Further resources

Key indicator facts

Indicator type

Response

Applicable for national use

Yes (find out more)

Indicator classification

Operational and included in the CBD's list of indicators

Indicator type

Response

Applicable for national use

Yes (find out more)

Indicator classification

Operational and included in the CBD's list of indicators

Last update

2018

Coverage

Global

Availability

Freely available

Partners

Oecd

Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)

Contact point

Nicolina Lamhauge: Nicolina.LAMHAUGE@oecd.org