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Official development assistance and public expenditure on conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity and ecosystems

Key indicator facts

Indicator type

Response

Applicable for national use

Yes

Indicator classification

Operational and included in the CBD's list of indicators

Indicator type

Response

Applicable for national use

Yes

Indicator classification

Operational and included in the CBD's list of indicators

Last update

2013

Coverage

Global

Availability

Freely available

Partners

Oecd

Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development

Contact point

Nicolina Lamhauge: Nicolina.LAMHAUGE@oecd.org

Indicator description

The Official Development Assistance in Support of the CBD indicator tracks the transfer of bilateral aid from OECD DAC members to developing countries for the effective implementation of their commitments under the Convention, thus monitoring the level of resource mobilization for the Strategic Plan 2011-2020.

Related Aichi Targets

Primary target

20

Target 20:

By 2020, at the latest, the mobilization of financial resources for effectively implementing the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 from all sources, and in accordance with the consolidated and agreed process in the Strategy for Resource Mobilization, should increase substantially from the current levels. This target will be subject to changes contingent to resource needs assessments to be developed and reported by Parties.

Primary target

20

Target 20:

By 2020, at the latest, the mobilization of financial resources for effectively implementing the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 from all sources, and in accordance with the consolidated and agreed process in the Strategy for Resource Mobilization, should increase substantially from the current levels. This target will be subject to changes contingent to resource needs assessments to be developed and reported by Parties.

20

Related SDGs

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GOAL 10 - Reduce inequality within and among countries.

Target 10.b| Relevant indicator

Encourage official development assistance and financial flows, including foreign direct investment, to States where the need is greatest, in particular least developed countries, African countries, small island developing States and landlocked developing countries, in accordance with their national plans and programmes.

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GOAL 11 - Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable.

Target 11.4| Relevant indicator

Strengthen efforts to protect and safeguard the world’s cultural and natural heritage.

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GOAL 15 - Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss.

Target 15.5| Relevant indicator

Take urgent and significant action to reduce the degradation of natural habitats, halt the loss of biodiversity and, by 2020, protect and prevent the extinction of threatened species.

Target 15.8| Relevant indicator

By 2020, introduce measures to prevent the introduction and significantly reduce the impact of invasive alien species on land and water ecosystems and control or eradicate the priority species.

Target 15.9| Relevant indicator

By 2020, integrate ecosystem and biodiversity values into national and local planning, development processes, poverty reduction strategies and accounts.

Target 15.a| Official indicator

Mobilize and significantly increase financial resources from all sources to conserve and sustainably use biodiversity and ecosystems.

Target 15.b| Official indicator

Mobilize significant resources from all sources and at all levels to finance sustainable forest management and provide adequate incentives to developing countries to advance such management, including for conservation and reforestation.

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GOAL 17 - Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development.

Target 17.6| Relevant indicator

Enhance North-South, South-South and triangular regional and international cooperation on and access to science, technology and innovation and enhance knowledge sharing on mutually agreed terms, including through improved coordination among existing mechanisms, in particular at the United Nations level, and through a global technology facilitation mechanism

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GOAL 10 - Reduce inequality within and among countries.

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GOAL 11 - Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable.

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GOAL 15 - Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss.

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GOAL 17 - Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development.

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E sdg goals icons individual rgb 15
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Other related MEAs and processes

Cites high resolution

CITES

Target 1.5| Relevant indicator

Best available scientific information is the basis for non-detriment findings.

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CMS

Target 15| Relevant indicator

The science base, information, awareness, understanding and technologies relating to migratory species, their habitats and migratory systems, their value, functioning, status and trends, and the consequences of their loss, are improved, widely shared and transferred, and effectively applied.

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IPBES Global Assessment Chapters

Chapter 3| Relevant indicator

Progress towards meeting major international objectives related to biodiversity and ecosystem services

Chapter 6| Relevant indicator

Opportunities and challenges for decision makers

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IPBES Regional Assessment Chapters

Chapter 6| Relevant indicator

Options for governance, institutional arrangements and private and public decision-making across scales and sectors

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Ramsar

Target 4| Relevant indicator

Invasive alien species and pathways of introduction and expansion are identified and prioritized, priority invasive alien species are controlled or eradicated, and management responses are prepared and implemented to prevent their introduction and establishment.

Target 14| Relevant indicator

Scientific guidance and technical methodologies at global and regional levels are developed on relevant topics and are available to policy makers and practitioners in an appropriate format and language.

Cites high resolution

CITES

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CMS

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IPBES Global Assessment Chapters

Indicator icon

IPBES Regional Assessment Chapters

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Ramsar

Cites high resolution
Indicator icon
Cms logo blue4c
Indicator icon
Ramsar.logo

Themes

Bip policy

Policy & conservation actions

View related indicators >
Bip policy

Partners

Oecd

Key indicator facts

Indicator type

Response

Applicable for national use

Yes

Indicator classification

Operational and included in the CBD's list of indicators

Indicator type

Response

Applicable for national use

Yes

Indicator classification

Operational and included in the CBD's list of indicators

Last update

2013

Coverage

Global

Availability

Freely available

Indicator description

The Official Development Assistance in Support of the CBD indicator tracks the transfer of bilateral aid from OECD DAC members to developing countries for the effective implementation of their commitments under the Convention, thus monitoring the level of resource mobilization for the Strategic Plan 2011-2020.

Contact point

Nicolina Lamhauge: Nicolina.LAMHAUGE@oecd.org

Graphs / Diagrams

Figure 1. 2006-2012, bilateral commitments, USD billion, constant 2012 prices.

Current storyline

Figure 2. OECD DAC Creditor Reporting System, September 2014, http://oe.cd/RM.


Figure 3. Biodiversity-focused aid, USD million, 2012 constant prices.

Data and methodology

Coverage: Global time series (2002 onwards, reporting mandatory across OECD DAC members from 2006).

Scale: Global.

Time series available: 2002-2013.

Possible disaggregations: By country.

Metadata used: OECD DAC data is collected through an institutionalised structure that maintains and develops underlying standards (e.g. definitions and classifications), creates a common understanding of their application, and undergoes rigorous quality control, making it a high quality, standardised data source for the development of indicators. Activity-level data is collected and can be aggregated by donor country (the 29 DAC members) and by recipient country, making it appropriate for producing national level indicators. There are over 50 fields of descriptive information, including on sectors and sub-sectors, making it possible to create more detailed indicators if of interest.

Methodology: The ODA indicator can be used to follow biodiversity aid flows from the donor to the recipient.

In terms of biodiversity aid contributions the indicator can be disaggregated for 29 DAC member countries From the Creditor Reporting System (CRS) activity-level database, ODA commitments can also be consolidated and aggregated by region, income group and recipient country or organisation.

Recipient data however is not limited to DAC members and can be disaggregated for regions and nations.

The ODA indicator data can also be disaggregated to differentiate between ODA targeting biodiversity concerns as a principal or significant objective, and to look at the break down of ODA activities between sectors (i.e. forestry, agriculture, etc).The ODA indicator data can also be disaggregated into biodiversity-related ODA committed as grants or as loans.

National use of indicator

Producing this indicator nationally: The ODA indicator provides a global picture of bilateral biodiversity-related development finance commitments. National use of the indicator is limited to the 29 DAC members which report development finance data through the OECD DAC Creditor Reporting System (CRS). ODA recipient countries could also use the data to track biodiversity-related development finance committed to their country each year. ◆ Summary statistics are periodically produced by the OECD – for the latest see OECD DAC Statistics, Biodiversity-related development finance (2015).

Headline statistics can be viewed online through the data visualisation portal

Activity-level data can be accessed through the OECD DAC CRS

Use at the national level: CRS data on biodiversity-related development finance is used to produce regional analyses, see for example this analysis by CBD: http://www.cbd.int/doc/meetings/cop/cop-09/information/cop-09-inf- 05-en.pdf. The OECD Secretariat has done regional analysis of climate-related ODA flows the same could be done for biodiversity.

A range of resources are available for users of the data:

Rio markers handbook

Frequently asked questions

A data visualisation portal is now available to view biodiversity-related ODA. The data gives a global overview of biodiversity-related ODA flows and can also be filtered by individual donor country and individual recipient country. The OECD DAC Secretariat also produces routine flyers on trends in biodiversity-related ODA. See the following website for these resources: http://www.oecd.org/dac/stats/biodiversity.htm.

Further resources

Key indicator facts

Indicator type

Response

Applicable for national use

Yes

Indicator classification

Operational and included in the CBD's list of indicators

Indicator type

Response

Applicable for national use

Yes

Indicator classification

Operational and included in the CBD's list of indicators

Last update

2013

Coverage

Global

Availability

Freely available

Partners

Oecd

Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development

Contact point

Nicolina Lamhauge: Nicolina.LAMHAUGE@oecd.org