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Number of Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) that have deposited the instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession of the Nagoya Protocol

Indicator description

The Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization was adopted by the Conference of the Parties to the CBD at its tenth meeting on 29th October 2010 in Nagoya, Japan. This Indicator measures the number of Parties to the CBD that have deposited the instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession of the Nagoya Protocol, which came into force in 2014.

Related Aichi Targets

Primary target

16

Target 16:

By 2015, the Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization is in force and operational, consistent with national legislation.

Primary target

16

Target 16:

By 2015, the Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization is in force and operational, consistent with national legislation.

16

Related SDGs

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GOAL 2 - End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture.

Target 2.5| Relevant indicator

By 2020, maintain the genetic diversity of seeds, cultivated plants and farmed and domesticated animals and their related wild species, including through soundly managed and diversified seed and plant banks at the national, regional and international levels, and ensure access to and fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources and associated traditional knowledge, as internationally agreed.

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GOAL 15 - Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss.

Target 15.6| Official indicator

Ensure fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources and promote appropriate access to such resources.

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GOAL 2 - End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture.

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GOAL 15 - Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss.

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Other related MEAs and processes

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CMS

Target 11| Relevant indicator

Migratory species and their habitats which provide important ecosystem services are maintained at or restored to favourable conservation status, taking into account the needs of women, indigenous and local communities , and the poor and vulnerable.

Target 12| Relevant indicator

The genetic diversity of wild populations of migratory species is safeguarded, and strategies have been developed and implemented for minimizing genetic erosion.

Target 14| Relevant indicator

The traditional knowledge, innovations and practices of indigenous and local communities relevant for the conservation and sustainable use of migratory species, their habitats and migratory systems, and their customary sustainable use of biological resources, are respected, subject to national legislation and relevant international obligations, with the full and effective participation of indigenous and local communities, thereby contributing to the favourable conservation status of migratory species and the ecological connectivity and resilience of their habitats.

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IPBES Global Assessment Chapters

Chapter 2| Official indicator

Status and trends; indirect and direct drivers of change

Chapter 6| Official indicator

Opportunities and challenges for decision makers

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IPBES Regional Assessment Chapters

Chapter 3| Official indicator

Status, trends and future dynamics of biodiversity and ecosystems underpinning nature’s benefits to people

Chapter 6| Official indicator

Options for governance, institutional arrangements and private and public decision-making across scales and sectors

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CMS

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IPBES Global Assessment Chapters

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IPBES Regional Assessment Chapters

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Themes

Bip policy

Policy & conservation actions

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Bip policy

Partners

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Key indicator facts

Indicator type

Response

Applicable for national use

Yes (find out more)

Indicator classification

Operational and included in the CBD's list of indicators

Indicator type

Response

Applicable for national use

Yes (find out more)

Indicator classification

Operational and included in the CBD's list of indicators

Last update

2017

Coverage

Global

Availability

Freely available

Indicator description

The Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization was adopted by the Conference of the Parties to the CBD at its tenth meeting on 29th October 2010 in Nagoya, Japan. This Indicator measures the number of Parties to the CBD that have deposited the instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession of the Nagoya Protocol, which came into force in 2014.

Contact point

Robert Hoft: robert.hoft@cbd.int or Beatriz Gomez: beatriz.gomez@cbd.int

Graphs / Diagrams

Figure 1. Number of CBD Parties that have deposited the instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession of the Nagoya Protocol. Source: https://absch.cbd.int/, 2017

For an up to date map with results of this indicator please visit https://absch.cbd.int/.

Current storyline

The fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources is one of the three objectives of the CBD. The Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization was adopted by the Conference of the Parties to the CBD at its tenth meeting on 29th October 2010 in Nagoya, Japan. It is based on the fundamental principles of access and benefit-sharing enshrined in the CBD. It supports the implementation of the third objective of the Convention by providing greater legal certainty and transparency for both providers and users of genetic resources. It helps to ensure benefit- sharing, in particular when genetic resources leave the country, and it establishes more predictable conditions for access to genetic resources.

By enhancing legal certainty and promoting benefit-sharing, the Nagoya Protocol encourages the advancement of research on genetic resources, which could lead to new discoveries for the benefit of all. The Nagoya Protocol also creates incentives to conserve and sustainably use genetic resources, and thereby enhances the contribution of biodiversity to development and human well-being.

The Indicator of “the number of Parties to the CBD that have deposited the instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession of the Nagoya Protocol”, directly monitors how many countries have ratified the Nagoya Protocol and thereby committed to meet the obligations set out therein.

The Indicator was developed for measuring progress in the achievement of Aichi Target 16. Since the adoption of the Protocol in 2010, and as of December 2017, 104 CBD Parties have deposited the instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession of the Nagoya Protocol. This also includes Parties to the CBD that have ratified, but for which the Protocol has yet to enter into force following the 90 days period set out in Article 33.2 of the Protocol (3 countries as of December 2017).

Data and methodology

Coverage: global

Scale: aggregated from national data

Next planned update: Data updates for this indicator can be provided at any time, and are available live from https://absch.cbd.int/.

Time series available: 2010 - 2017

Possible disaggregations: By nation, by region, by membership to a specific regional organization, by status as Parties or non-Parties to the protocol.

Methodology: Summation of information available in the ABS Clearing-House as it becomes available in the UN Treaty Section, which acts as the Depositary for the Nagoya Protocol.

National use of indicator

The CBD Secretariat updates data based on the notifications received from the UN Treaty Section. This can then be displayed by country, regional group, membership to a specific regional organization, and/or by their status as Parties or non-Parties to the Protocol.

Further resources