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Living Planet Index (trends in target and bycatch species)

Key indicator facts

Indicator type

State

Applicable for national use

Yes (find out more)

Indicator classification

Under development and included in the CBD’s list of indicators

Indicator type

State

Applicable for national use

Yes (find out more)

Indicator classification

Under development and included in the CBD’s list of indicators

Last update

2018

Coverage

Global

Availability

Freely available

Partners

263px wwf logo.svg

WWF

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Zoological Society of London

Contact point

Louise McRae (Louise.Mcrae@ioz.ac.uk)

Indicator description

The Living Planet Index (trends in target and bycatch species) indicator is calculated using time-series data for vertebrate species. The underlying method is the same as for the global Living Planet Index (LPI) so the indicator uses data that is of high temporal resolution and spatially explicit through being tied to a particular location. This allows for recording of metadata on local threats and conservation action and allows for disaggregation at different scales. Being based on annual changes in species populations on site level measures, the index is sensitive to annual change and reflects environmental conditions and impacts. Data sources and methods are publicly accessible online (www.livingplanetindex.org) and traceable.

This indicator can be used to complement the existing indicators for target 6 by providing trends in populations of bycatch species. It can also show trends in target species that are not covered by the commercial stock data. This fills a gap for target 6 by providing a population level indicator for this target.

Related Aichi Targets

Primary target

6

Target 6:

By 2020 all fish and invertebrate stocks and aquatic plants are managed and harvested sustainably, legally and applying ecosystem based approaches, so that overfishing is avoided, recovery plans and measures are in place for all depleted species, fisheries have no significant adverse impacts on threatened species and vulnerable ecosystems and the impacts of fisheries on stocks, species and ecosystems are within safe ecological limits.

Primary target

6

Target 6:

By 2020 all fish and invertebrate stocks and aquatic plants are managed and harvested sustainably, legally and applying ecosystem based approaches, so that overfishing is avoided, recovery plans and measures are in place for all depleted species, fisheries have no significant adverse impacts on threatened species and vulnerable ecosystems and the impacts of fisheries on stocks, species and ecosystems are within safe ecological limits.

6

Related SDGs

E sdg goals icons individual rgb 14

GOAL 14 - Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development.

Target 14.2| Relevant indicator

By 2020, sustainably manage and protect marine and coastal ecosystems to avoid significant adverse impacts, including by strengthening their resilience, and take action for their restoration in order to achieve healthy and productive oceans.

Target 14.4| Relevant indicator

By 2020, effectively regulate harvesting and end overfishing, illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and destructive fishing practices and implement science-based management plans, in order to restore fish stocks in the shortest time feasible, at least to levels that can produce maximum sustainable yield as determined by their biological characteristics.

E sdg goals icons individual rgb 14

GOAL 14 - Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development.

E sdg goals icons individual rgb 14

Other related MEAs and processes

Indicator icon

IPBES Regional Assessment Chapters

Chapter 3| Relevant indicator

Status, trends and future dynamics of biodiversity and ecosystems underpinning nature’s benefits to people

Indicator icon

IPBES Regional Assessment Chapters

Indicator icon

Themes

Marine

Marine & freshwater habitats

View related indicators >
Marine
Bip species

Partners

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Zsl logo stacked cmyk

Key indicator facts

Indicator type

State

Applicable for national use

Yes (find out more)

Indicator classification

Under development and included in the CBD’s list of indicators

Indicator type

State

Applicable for national use

Yes (find out more)

Indicator classification

Under development and included in the CBD’s list of indicators

Last update

2018

Coverage

Global

Availability

Freely available

Indicator description

The Living Planet Index (trends in target and bycatch species) indicator is calculated using time-series data for vertebrate species. The underlying method is the same as for the global Living Planet Index (LPI) so the indicator uses data that is of high temporal resolution and spatially explicit through being tied to a particular location. This allows for recording of metadata on local threats and conservation action and allows for disaggregation at different scales. Being based on annual changes in species populations on site level measures, the index is sensitive to annual change and reflects environmental conditions and impacts. Data sources and methods are publicly accessible online (www.livingplanetindex.org) and traceable.

This indicator can be used to complement the existing indicators for target 6 by providing trends in populations of bycatch species. It can also show trends in target species that are not covered by the commercial stock data. This fills a gap for target 6 by providing a population level indicator for this target.

Contact point

Louise McRae (Louise.Mcrae@ioz.ac.uk)

Graphs / Diagrams

The Living Planet Index website has an explorable data portal which can be found here.

Current storyline

The underlying method is the same as for the global Living Planet Index, but additional data collection and the actual analysis still need to be done. Results will be added as soon as they become available.

Indicator relationship to Aichi Target 6

Target 6: By 2020 all fish and invertebrate stocks and aquatic plants are managed and harvested sustainably, legally and applying ecosystem based approaches, so that overfishing is avoided, recovery plans and measures are in place for all depleted species, fisheries have no significant adverse impacts on threatened species and vulnerable ecosystems and the impacts of fisheries on stocks, species and ecosystems are within safe ecological limits.

This indicator can be used to complement the existing indicators for target 6 by providing trends in populations of bycatch species. It can also show trends in target species that are not covered by the commercial stock data.

Data and methodology

Coverage: Global

Scale: Aggregated from species data

Time series available: 1970 onwards

Next planned update: 2018

Possible disaggregations: Regional level, national level

Metadata used: Population level threats and management actions; migratory behaviour; protected area information; species listing on the IUCN Red list and CITES/CMS appendices; summary taxonomic, geographic and ecological data; data quality measures.

Methodology: The Living Planet Index (trends in target and bycatch species) is not only a global index but can also be calculated for selected regions, countries or taxonomic groups, provided that there are sufficient data available. It is calculated using time-series data and the changes in the population of each species are aggregated and shown as an index relative to 1970, which is given a value of 1. As the global Living Planet Index, the Living Planet Index (trends in target and bycatch species) can be thought of as a biological analogue of a stock market index that tracks the value of a set of stocks and shares traded on an exchange.

Last and next update: Once the indicator has been fully developed it can be maintained under the Living Planet Index project with regular updates and new data input. The indicator will usually be updated biennially unless there is a specific reason for an update. However, the indicator will have annual values.

National use of indicator

Producing this indicator nationally: The indicator is applicable at the global and regional scale. The method allows it to be disaggregated at the national scale however this is subject to data availability and not always possible. As the target and bycatch species indicator is in development, there are currently no examples of national applications of this indicator.

For examples of national application of the global Living Planet Index, see here.

The Living Planet Database is available online at www.livingplanetindex.org. Nations and regions are encouraged to submit their data to produce both their own indicators and strengthen the global indicator. An R package (rlpi) to calculate LPIs is provided at https://github.com/Zoological-Society-of-London/rlpi, but collaboration with the partner organisations is encouraged for producing new disaggregations of the LPI.

Guidance for producing the indicator at national level can be found here.

Further resources

Key indicator facts

Indicator type

State

Applicable for national use

Yes (find out more)

Indicator classification

Under development and included in the CBD’s list of indicators

Indicator type

State

Applicable for national use

Yes (find out more)

Indicator classification

Under development and included in the CBD’s list of indicators

Last update

2018

Coverage

Global

Availability

Freely available

Partners

263px wwf logo.svg

WWF

Zsl logo stacked cmyk

Zoological Society of London

Contact point

Louise McRae (Louise.Mcrae@ioz.ac.uk)