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Living Planet Index (forest specialists)

Key indicator facts

Indicator type

State

Applicable for national use

Yes (find out more)

Indicator classification

Under development and included in the CBD’s list of indicators

Indicator type

State

Applicable for national use

Yes (find out more)

Indicator classification

Under development and included in the CBD’s list of indicators

Last update

2018

Coverage

Global

Availability

Freely available

Partners

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WWF

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Zoological Society of London

Contact point

Louise McRae (Louise.Mcrae@ioz.ac.uk)

Indicator description

The Living Planet Index (forest specialists) measures trends in the size of populations of threatened and non-threatened forest specialist vertebrate species. The data can be used to assess if conservation actions are successful and if the status of forest species at the population level has changed. The underlying method is the same as for the global Living Planet Index so the indicator uses data that is of high temporal resolution and spatially explicit through being tied to a particular location. This allows for recording of metadata on local threats and conservation action and allows for disaggregation at different scales. Being based on annual changes in species populations on site level measures, the index is sensitive to annual change and reflects environmental conditions and impacts. Data sources and methods are publicly accessible online (www.livingplanetindex.org) and traceable.

Because the LPI data is site specific, it can be used in conjunction with the forest area indicator. The indicators can show the corresponding species abundance trends alongside changes in forest area for different regions.

Related Aichi Targets

Primary target

12

Target 12:

By 2020 the extinction of known threatened species has been prevented and their conservation status, particularly of those most in decline, has been improved and sustained.

Secondary targets

Target 5:

By 2020, the rate of loss of all natural habitats, including forests, is at least halved and where feasible brought close to zero, and degradation and fragmentation is significantly reduced.

Target 7:

By 2020 areas under agriculture, aquaculture and forestry are managed sustainably, ensuring conservation of biodiversity.

Primary target

12

Target 12:

By 2020 the extinction of known threatened species has been prevented and their conservation status, particularly of those most in decline, has been improved and sustained.

5
12
7

Related SDGs

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GOAL 15 - Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss.

Target 15.5| Relevant indicator

Take urgent and significant action to reduce the degradation of natural habitats, halt the loss of biodiversity and, by 2020, protect and prevent the extinction of threatened species.

E sdg goals icons individual rgb 15

GOAL 15 - Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss.

E sdg goals icons individual rgb 15

Other related MEAs and processes

Indicator icon

IPBES Regional Assessment Chapters

Chapter 3| Relevant indicator

Status, trends and future dynamics of biodiversity and ecosystems underpinning nature’s benefits to people

Indicator icon

IPBES Regional Assessment Chapters

Indicator icon

Themes

Bip species
Bip terrestrial

Partners

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Key indicator facts

Indicator type

State

Applicable for national use

Yes (find out more)

Indicator classification

Under development and included in the CBD’s list of indicators

Indicator type

State

Applicable for national use

Yes (find out more)

Indicator classification

Under development and included in the CBD’s list of indicators

Last update

2018

Coverage

Global

Availability

Freely available

Indicator description

The Living Planet Index (forest specialists) measures trends in the size of populations of threatened and non-threatened forest specialist vertebrate species. The data can be used to assess if conservation actions are successful and if the status of forest species at the population level has changed. The underlying method is the same as for the global Living Planet Index so the indicator uses data that is of high temporal resolution and spatially explicit through being tied to a particular location. This allows for recording of metadata on local threats and conservation action and allows for disaggregation at different scales. Being based on annual changes in species populations on site level measures, the index is sensitive to annual change and reflects environmental conditions and impacts. Data sources and methods are publicly accessible online (www.livingplanetindex.org) and traceable.

Because the LPI data is site specific, it can be used in conjunction with the forest area indicator. The indicators can show the corresponding species abundance trends alongside changes in forest area for different regions.

Contact point

Louise McRae (Louise.Mcrae@ioz.ac.uk)

Graphs / Diagrams

The Living Planet Index website has an explorable data portal which can be found here.

Current storyline

The underlying method is the same as for the global Living Planet Index, however, the selection of species, additional data collection and the actual analysis still needs to be done. Results will be added as soon as they become available.

Indicator relationship to Aichi Targets 5, 7, 12

Target 5: By 2020, the rate of loss of all natural habitats, including forests, is at least halved and where feasible brought close to zero, and degradation and fragmentation is significantly reduced.

Target 7: By 2020 areas under agriculture, aquaculture and forestry are managed sustainably, ensuring conservation of biodiversity.

Target 12: By 2020 the extinction of known threatened species has been prevented and their conservation status, particularly of those most in decline, has been improved and sustained.

By providing a species level indicator for forest species the LPI for forest specialists fills a gap for targets 5 and 7.

Data and methodology

Coverage: Global

Scale: Aggregated from species data

Time series available: 1970 onwards

Next planned update: 2018

Possible disaggregations: Regional level, national level

Metadata used: Population level threats and management actions; migratory behaviour; protected area information; species listing on the IUCN Red list and CITES/CMS appendices; summary taxonomic, geographic and ecological data; data quality measures.

Methodology: The LPI (forest specialists) is not only a global index but can also be calculated for selected regions, countries or taxonomic groups, provided that there are sufficient data available. It is calculated using time-series data and the changes in the population of each species are aggregated and shown as an index relative to 1970, which is given a value of 1. As the global LPI, the Living Planet Index (forest specialists) can be thought of as a biological analogue of a stock market index that tracks the value of a set of stocks and shares traded on an exchange.

Last update and next update: Once the indicator has been fully developed it can be maintained under the LPI project with regular updates and new data input. The indicator will usually be updated biennially unless there is a specific reason for an update. However, the indicator will have annual values.

National use of indicator

Producing this indicator nationally: The indicator is applicable at the global and regional scale. The method allows it to be disaggregated at the national scale however this is subject to data availability and not always possible. As the forest specialists indicator is in development, there are currently no examples of national applications of this indicator.

For examples of national application of the global Living Planet Index, see here.

The Living Planet Database is available online at www.livingplanetindex.org. Nations and regions are encouraged to submit their data to produce both their own indicators and strengthen the global indicator. An R package (rlpi) to calculate LPIs is provided at https://github.com/Zoological-Society-of-London/rlpi, but collaboration with the partner organisations is encouraged for producing new disaggregations of the LPI.

Guidance for producing the indicator at national level can be found here.

Further resources

Key indicator facts

Indicator type

State

Applicable for national use

Yes (find out more)

Indicator classification

Under development and included in the CBD’s list of indicators

Indicator type

State

Applicable for national use

Yes (find out more)

Indicator classification

Under development and included in the CBD’s list of indicators

Last update

2018

Coverage

Global

Availability

Freely available

Partners

263px wwf logo.svg

WWF

Zsl logo stacked cmyk

Zoological Society of London

Contact point

Louise McRae (Louise.Mcrae@ioz.ac.uk)