The BIP was established in 2007, in response to CBD Decision VII/30 to monitor progress to the 2010 Biodiversity Target of reducing the ‘current rate of global, regional and national biodiversity loss as a contribution to poverty alleviation and to benefit to all life on Earth’. The BIP was subsequently endorsed by the CBD in Decision VIII/15. With substantial funding from the Global Environment Facility (GEF), the BIP grew to include over forty organisations and 34 individual indicators by 2010. The diversity and expertise of Partners contributing data and monitoring systems enabled a more comprehensive evidence base for the third Global Biodiversity Outlook, released in 2010, than ever before.
The adoption of the Aichi Biodiversity Targets in 2010 heralded a new phase of work for the Partnership. Whilst 13 of the 20 Aichi Targets were covered by at least of one of the existing indicators developed through the Partnership, critical gaps continued to endure within the suite for some of the Strategic Goals. As such, the BIP saw a phase of enlargement and expansion, with Partners working all the while to maintain the indicators for which they are responsible in order that a comprehensive suite of indicators is available to confidently measure progress towards all 20 Aichi Biodiversity Targets by 2020.